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DISCOVERY: THE ABYDOS TEMPLE PALACE OF RAMESSES II

From Nile #20, June—July 2019

King Seti I and his son Ramesses II wasted no time in revitalising Egypt’s traditions in the aftermath of the tumultuous Amarna period - particularly at Abydos, the mythical birthplace of Osiris.

The recent discovery of a temple palace belonging to Ramesses II adds more to the story of Osiris’ comeback. Plus, there are tantalising hints of even more to be unearthed from beneath the Abydene sands.

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QUEENS OF EGYPT

From Nile #19, April—May 2019

Meet the remarkable women whose destiny saw them become the queens of Egypt. Some of them stepped beyond the ancient world’s traditional roles, with their diplomacy, leadership or sense of duty, helping shape Egypt’s history.

Here we look at the recent Washington exhibition that featured some of the most important and celebrated women in Egyptian history—from the founding queen of the New Kingdom, Ahmose-Nefertari, revered for hundreds of years after her death, through to Cleopatra VII, Egypt’s last queen and pharaoh.

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(File size is 8 MB)

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THE REMARKABLE TOMB OF KARAKHAMUN

From Nile #19, April—May 2019

The Tomb of Karakhamun (TT 223) at South Asasif in Luxor is the earliest known Kushite tomb at Thebes, built during the reign of Shabaqo, the brother of the dynasty’s founder, King Piye.

And it’s enormous.

Despite have been used as a stable and suffering a massive roof collapse, much of the tomb’s reliefs are in remarkably good condition, as you can see in the wonderful detail in Karakhamun’s hunting dog, shown here.

The South Asasif Conservation Project has been working on Karakhamun’s tomb since 2006. In this article, you see some of the beautiful reliefs that have been uncovered, and the reconstruction work that will hopefully lead to the tomb being opened to the public.

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(File size is 1.5 MB)

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DISCOVERING ABU SIMBEL

From Nile #18, February—March 2019

“No other temple in Egypt produces so unexpectedly grand an effect as the great rock temple of Ramses II... By itself it would repay the trouble of the ascent from Philae, both by the dignity of its sculptures and by the gorgeously coloured representations in the interior.” —Baedeker’s Egypt: Handbook for Travellers (1898).

Over 120 years later, Abu Simbel is just as captivating.

Nigel Fletcher-Jones takes us on a tour of the Great and Small Temples of Abu Simbel.

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(File size is 2.4 MB)

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EGYPT’S MYSTERIOUS OASES

From Nile #18, February—March 2019

Crisscrossed by caravan routes, Kharga Oasis has been a hub for trade and agriculture for an incredible length of time: from as early as 6,000 B.C. through to A.D. 500. Heading west, and connecting the oases of Kharga and Dakhla is the desert route called the Darb Ain Amur.

Compared to sites along the Nile Valley, the Darb Ain Amur was something of a black hole— largely unexplored until Salima Ikram founded the North Kharga Oasis Darb Ain Amur Survey, to study everything from impressive Roman forts to fragile prehistoric petroglyphs.

The survey has also discovered ancient graffiti preserving the name of King Aa (“Great One”), who may turn out to be a previously unknown ruler.

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(File size is 1.2 MB)

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WHO WAS WHO AT the end of the 18th dynasty

From Nile #17, December 2018—January 2019

Does your head hurt when you see Nefertiti's name expressed like this: Ankhkheperure-mery-Neferkheperure/ -mery-Waenre Neferneferuaten?

Yep - most of us did a really long blink after reading that.

It can be really confusing--especially when Nefertiti keeps using various parts of her husband’s names as parts of hers.

To help make sense of it all, we've produced a handy chart that tracks the name changes (along with their hieroglyphic cartouches) as the Egyptian throne bounced from pharaoh to pharaoh during the latter part of the 18th-Dynasty.

It's part of a fascinating article by Traugott Huber on the possible location of Nefertiti's tomb (and mummy).

Click on the chart to download the hi-res PDF version, and then print it out to have near you next time you (gulp) tackle that next book or article about the crazy Amarna Period.

(File size is 600KB)

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ThE MYSTERIOUS BENU + THE ORIGINS OF THE PHOENIX

From Nile #17, December 2018—January 2019

Who was Benu? We look at this ancient bird of resurrection through the hieroglyphic texts of the ancient Egyptians. And did Benu inspire the story of the legendary phoenix?

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(File size is 1.5 MB)

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SPIRIT BIRDS

From Nile #16, October—November 2018

The Egyptians took a lot of care in reproducing in tombs and temples the birds that abounded in the Nile’s waterways. The detail is often of such high quality that modern ornithologist are able to easily tell which bird is being depicted.

These birds could not only represent various deities, but also different aspects of a person’s soul—and these were crucial for a deceased Egyptian’s chances of a successful afterlife.

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(File size is 2.5 MB)

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COFFIN REUSE IN ANCIENT EGYPT

From Nile #16, October—November 2018

Was tomb robbery the lawless abhorrence we have always believed, or were there more sanctioned, but veiled, practices at work? In a special ARCE (American Research Center in Egypt) Update, we look at Kara Cooney’s study into “legal” coffin reuse. (Spoiler alert: there’s a lot of it!).

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(File size is 1.3 MB)

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SETI I: FREEMASONRY, MOZART & ALIENS

From Nile #15, August—September 2018

King Seti I has been bizarrely associated with pseudo-archaeology and mysticism for several centuries. This article follows the meandering roads of masonic rituals, alien conspiracies and downright fakery which have dogged the memory of one of Egypt’s greatest rulers.

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(File size is 2.7 MB)

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GOLDEN TREASURES OF THE PHARAOHS

From Nile #15, August—September 2018

Gold. For the Egyptians it was proof that eternity was real. Gold was the imperishable flesh of the gods, and gold was the king’s eternal likeness—his mummy mask—reaffirming his divinity in the afterlife. This article highlights some of the remarkable golden treasures from the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, and destined for the new Grand Egyptian Museum near Giza.

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(File size is 3.6 MB)

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THE FACE OF NEFERTITI?

From Nile #14, June—July 2018

The head of a mummy dubbed the “Younger Lady” was recently scanned and modelled. It’s a remarkable portrait, but is it Nefertiti? We talk to some of Egyptology’s foremost experts and look at the cases for and against the connection.

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(File size is 1.5 MB)

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SAVING THE TOMB OF NIAY

From Nile #14, June—July 2018

Niay was a “Scribe of the Table”, which means that he may have been responsible for the account-keeping of royal produce that went to the offering tables in one or more of Luxor’s temples. Given his privileged position, Niay was granted permission to build a small, but fabulously decorated tomb (TT 286) on the west bank at Thebes. After some 3,000 years, however, the tomb was in a bad way—and getting worse. That until ARCE (American Research Center in Egypt) chose Niay’s tomb to receive the attention of one of their Conservation Field Schools.

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(File size is 1 MB)

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ARCE FIELD SCHOOLS AT KhONSU AND MUT TEMPLES

From Nile #13, April—May 2018

For 70 years, the American Research Center in Egypt (ARCE) has been supporting and conducting excavation and conservation projects throughout Egypt. Their Field Schools program, whereby Egyptian inspectors are taught conservation techniques, salvage archaeology and site management, has been active at Khonsu and Mut Temples at Karnak—and have made some fascinating discoveries.

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(File size is 1.9 MB)

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THE SNAKE WHO WAS GOD

From Nile #12, February—March 2018

Snakes weren’t always the bad guys. In ancient Egypt, they were often revered. So what happened? Haythem Bastaway looks into why the snake’s reputation took a nosedive.

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(File size is 3 MB)

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FASCINATING PYRAMIDS

From Nile #11, December 2017—January 2018

What is it about pyramids? Here we present highlights from the “Fascinating Pyramids” exhibition at The Liechtenstein National Museum, which featured world-class artefacts from museums across Europe, and rarely-seen pieces from the Liechtenstein Princely Collections. Each object has a connection to Egypt’s pyramids and the powerful solar worship that inspired them.

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(File size is 2 MB)

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THE NOBLE VULTURE

From Nile #10, October—November 2017

How did such an awkward and unattractive bird with unappealing eating habits become the titular goddess of Upper Egypt? Lesley Jackson explores the vulture’s transformation into an elegant and powerful symbol of motherhood, protection and rebirth.

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(File size is 1.8 MB)

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HELIOPOLIS: THE CITY OF THE SUN REEMERGES

From Nile #9, August—September 2017

The statue of Psamtek I emerging from the mud of ancient Heliopolis made headlines in 2017.
Dr. Dietrich Raue takes us through the amazing discoveries the Egyptian-German team working there have made recently.

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(File size is 2.9 MB)

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EGYPT IN THE ART OF SUSAN OSGOOD

From Nile #8, June—July 2017

Art and archaeology: the two worlds of Oriental Institute artist, Susan Osgood. Her seasons spent in Egypt as an epigraphic artist documenting ancient reliefs have become the inspiration for Susan's own work.

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(File size is 1.7 MB)

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cleopatra’s needleS: THE NEW YORK OBELISK

From Nile #7, April—May 2017

The oldest skyscraper in New York. Paris and London had their obelisks, and America was now determined to have its own. Another extract from Bob Brier’s new book, “Cleopatra’s Needles”.

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(File size is 1.8 MB)

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